The supply chain for cocoa beans is a series of activities that are necessary to convert raw materials into the final porduct (chocolate) that is meant for consumers.
Just like many other manufacturing industries, creating chocolate products involves a chain of production that has many links. The supply chain is split into two main parts: the producing countries and the consuming countries.
The beans start in producing countries where there are the small farmers; who grow the cocoa beans. The local traders then trade cocoa beans amongst other local traders and finally the exporters distribute the cocoa beans.
The cocoa beans then enter the international market where there are international traders who trade the cocoa beans among other international traders. This is called integration trading/processing.
Cocoa beans finally make their way to consuming countries where there are cocoa processors and coverture manufacturers. Chocolate manufacturers such as Cadbury and Nestle then manufacture the cocoa beans into chocolate. Retailers such as supermarkets then sell the many different types of chocolate to us, the consumers, who buy and eat the chocolate.
These supply chains are very complex and there would be additional services that help producers including banking and insurance services, packaging firms and transport specialists produce the chocolate.